Fernando Pessoa, born Fernando António Nogueira Pessôa; June 13, 1888 – November 30, 1935), was a Portuguese poet, writer, literary critic, translator, publisher and philosopher, described as one of the most significant literary figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest poets in the Portuguese language. He also wrote in and translated from English and French.
Pessoa was a prolific writer, and not only under his own name, for he dreamed up approximately seventy-five others. He did not call them pseudonyms because he felt that did not capture their true independent intellectual life and instead called them heteronyms. These imaginary figures sometimes held unpopular or extreme views.
Alejandro Jodorowsky isn’t just a world-class art-house filmmaker, he’s also a world-class spiritual guru. In his book The Spiritual Journey of Alejandro Jodorosky, the Chilean director details his experiences while on a spiritual journey that lead him to “discard his emotional armor,” namely one encounter with Reyna d’Assia, daughter of famed spiritual healer George Ivanovich Gurdjieff, in which she imparted her father’s many axioms about life.
This list, though clearly not directed at filmmakers specifically, certainly will reverberate with the artist in us all, as it did with Jodorowsky. Looking at each one through the eyes of a creator, you’ll start to learn a lot about yourself not only as a human, but as an artist.
- Ground your attention on yourself. Be conscious at every moment of what you are thinking, sensing, feeling, desiring, and doing.
- Always finish what you have begun.
- Whatever you are doing, do it as well as possible.
- Do not become attached to anything that can destroy you in the course of time.
- Develop your generosity ‒ but secretly.
- Treat everyone as if he or she was a close relative.
- Organize what you have disorganized.
- Learn to receive and give thanks for every gift.
- Stop defining yourself.
- Do not lie or steal, for you lie to yourself and steal from yourself.
- Help your neighbor, but do not make him dependent.
- Do not encourage others to imitate you.
- Make work plans and accomplish them.
- Do not take up too much space.
- Make no useless movements or sounds.
- If you lack faith, pretend to have it.
- Do not allow yourself to be impressed by strong personalities.
- Do not regard anyone or anything as your possession.
- Share fairly.
- Do not seduce.
- Sleep and eat only as much as necessary.
- Do not speak of your personal problems.
- Do not express judgment or criticism when you are ignorant of most of the factors involved.
- Do not establish useless friendships.
- Do not follow fashions.
- Do not sell yourself.
- Respect contracts you have signed.
- Be on time.
- Never envy the luck or success of anyone.
- Say no more than necessary.
- Do not think of the profits your work will engender.
- Never threaten anyone.
- Keep your promises.
- In any discussion, put yourself in the other person’s place.
- Admit that someone else may be superior to you.
- Do not eliminate, but transmute.
- Conquer your fears, for each of them represents a camouflaged desire.
- Help others to help themselves.
- Conquer your aversions and come closer to those who inspire rejection in you.
- Do not react to what others say about you, whether praise or blame.
- Transform your pride into dignity.
- Transform your anger into creativity.
- Transform your greed into respect for beauty.
- Transform your envy into admiration for the values of the other.
- Transform your hate into charity.
- Neither praise nor insult yourself.
- Regard what does not belong to you as if it did belong to you.
- Do not complain.
- Develop your imagination.
- Never give orders to gain the satisfaction of being obeyed.
- Pay for services performed for you.
- Do not proselytize your work or ideas.
- Do not try to make others feel for you emotions such as pity, admiration, sympathy, or complicity.
- Do not try to distinguish yourself by your appearance.
- Never contradict; instead, be silent.
- Do not contract debts; acquire and pay immediately.
- If you offend someone, ask his or her pardon; if you have offended a person publicly, apologize publicly.
- When you realize you have said something that is mistaken, do not persist in error through pride; instead, immediately retract it.
- Never defend your old ideas simply because you are the one who expressed them.
- Do not keep useless objects.
- Do not adorn yourself with exotic ideas.
- Do not have your photograph taken with famous people.
- Justify yourself to no one, and keep your own counsel.
- Never define yourself by what you possess.
- Never speak of yourself without considering that you might change.
- Accept that nothing belongs to you.
- When someone asks your opinion about something or someone, speak only of his or her qualities.
- When you become ill, regard your illness as your teacher, not as something to be hated.
- Look directly, and do not hide yourself.
- Do not forget your dead, but accord them a limited place and do not allow them to invade your life.
- Wherever you live, always find a space that you devote to the sacred.
- When you perform a service, make your effort inconspicuous.
- If you decide to work to help others, do it with pleasure.
- If you are hesitating between doing and not doing, take the risk of doing.
- Do not try to be everything to your spouse; accept that there are things that you cannot give him or her but which others can.
- When someone is speaking to an interested audience, do not contradict that person and steal his or her audience.
- Live on money you have earned.
- Never brag about amorous adventures.
- Never glorify your weaknesses.
- Never visit someone only to pass the time.
- Obtain things in order to share them.
- If you are meditating and a devil appears, make the devil meditate too.
Here are a few of my favorites that I think will help filmmakers especially.
Never define yourself by what you possess.
How many times have you had gear envy? You look at your buddy’s production and it looks so much more professional and “legit” — lights are everywhere, crew is everywhere — their craft services table isn’t just a pizza box opened on the hood of someone’s car. It’s easy to use gear and budgets as a ruler to measure the validity of your own project, as well as others’ projects, but we all have to remember: gear doesn’t make movies, filmmakers do.
Stop defining yourself.
To put it simply, the act of defining yourself means giving yourself a classification and putting yourself in a box. Boxes kill creativity. (The Dogme 95 filmmakers would disagree big time.) From my own experience I’ve found that defining yourself makes it that much harder to grow as an artist, because all you’re seeing is what you have contained inside of this rigid box.
If you are hesitating between doing and not doing, take the risk of doing.
If you want to make a film, do it. Whatever it takes.
lapse of memory.
“she teased him for his forgetfulness”
synonyms: absentmindedness, amnesia, poor memory, a lapse of memory, vagueness, abstraction; More
“his excuse was forgetfulness”
neglect, heedlessness, carelessness, disregard;
inattention, obliviousness, lack of concern, indifference
“a forgetfulness of duty”
antonyms: reliability, heed.
Cuando en la primavera de 2011 Luis Enrique Pérez Oramas pasó por Buenos Aires tenía entre manos el diseño de la Trigésima Bienal de San Pablo, empresa que concretó al año siguiente en lo que fue una de las ediciones más elaboradas de las últimas décadas…
La crítica mexicana Avelina Lésper denuncia la especulación y la burbuja económica, como lo fue la inmobiliaria, de obras que “carecen de valores estéticos”.
The Art of Science Learning
Ideas / by Maywa Montenegro /
It’s no secret: American children are behind in math and science, and falling faster by the year. For a group of innovative thinkers gathering in Washington DC, restoring “STEM” in America must go beyond multiplication drills, beyond the latest in computer apps. It’s time to re-imagine science learning altogether, they say: it’s time for wood and clay, watercolor and chalk.
“No art ever came out of not risking your neck.” Writing as an Explorer’s Map of the Unknown: Eudora Welty on the Poetics of Place
by Maria Popova